In 1976, while Ukraine was still under the yoke of the USSR, the monument, below, consisting of 11 bronze figures was erected in honor of 'Soviet citizens' who were 'victims of fascism.' The central figure was a communist resistance fighter.
Following independence, the Ukrainaian government invited the Israeli government to erect a new monument. The 1991 monument, a ten-foot high bronze menorah, had recently been relocated from one area of the park so it took us while to discover it.
We never had to wait more than a minute or two for another train to come. As trains neared a station, announcements were made in, I believe, Russian, the dominant language in Kyiv, and also in Ukrainian and then English too. That was a huge help as you might imagine. What a most impressive metro.
Then, once off the train, began the long ascent from the bowels of the earth to daylight: I timed it as I couldn’t believe how long a previous ride had seemed to take. This one was 3.5 minutes long!
On the way to our next destination, we passed the
About 20 minutes after leaving the metro station, we finally reached our goal: Kyiv Pecherska Lavra, a monastery complex of 40 buildings representing eight centuries of art and architecture. it's Ukraine's number one tourist attraction and on UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list. It spans 70 acres of riverfront parkland and was begun in 1051 when two monks founded a monastery in natural caves and built a church above it. The Kyiv Caves Monastery is now one of the largest religious and intellectual centers in the Eastern Orthodox world.
Over the centuries, hundreds of thousands of Orthodox faithful have made pilgrimages to honor the relics of the founding monks who were canonized in 1643 and of the later saints who were entombed there. Under the Soviet regime, the churches were closed and museums were built on the Lavra grounds. Several churches hold services while others are just for viewing.
The grounds were, as you might imagine, immense and stupendous.
Right beside the Cathedral was the Refectory Church: It was so-called because it was also adjacent to the two story dining hall.
One of the highlights of the museum was the collection of old carpets woven in different parts of Ukraine:
Loved these ballet dance glass pieces:
I was only able to take this one photo in the first set of caves. To show respect, I was required to wear one of the wraparound long skirts that were provided to women who were not properly attired.